and then while looking for an answer to a question I had about the unit I found THIS in my textbook:
"Alchemy was a much favoured science in the Late Middle Ages. Alchemists had two aims: to change rather worthless metals such as lead into precious gold, and to find an "Elixer of life" that would make humans immortal. Alchemists were part philosopher, part scientist and part magician. They mixed and heated up substances in workshops that resembled modern day laboratories. Although the alchemists did not succeed in either of thier goals, they aquired knowledge that would lead to the development of chemistry and the preparation of drugs."
So pretty much the two things that they are trying to accomplish are basacilly what, in the anime, are against the rules.
Pretty wierd eh?